England is not just London. Go beyond his borders. Take a walk coastal cliffs, visit fairytale castles and magnificent mansions or just wander the back streets and discover the typical architecture. End the day in a traditional English pub with a famous top - fermented beer or real English tea. Depends on you. Are you packing yet?
Basic information about England
All year round
Tickets from 1500 CZK
Why go to England
England will entertain you at any time of year! Steps of most travelers they lead first to London. This vibrant metropolis in itself offers infinity cultural, gastronomic and sporting experiences. But it would be a shame to omit and other places.
No history enthusiast should miss the famous university cities of Oxford and Cambridge. Every football lover goes to Liverpool and Manchester, where they can see the best football in the world.
The English countryside and the nature also have their unmistakable charm. Don’t wait mountains, but believe us, the views of the English plains may still captivate you more. In Brighton or Bournemouth you will experience a slightly different beach culture than you are used to from the south of Europe.
Interesting facts about England
Did you know that the zero meridian intersects the Royal Observatory at Greenwich and countries are divided here into the western and eastern hemispheres? According to it, they are destined for the world all time zones. When the imaginary airline starts to bore you, jump on Emirates Air Line chairlift and enjoy the adrenaline rush! It will take you to the other side of the river Thames.
Harry Potter was born at The Elephant House in Edinburgh. Literally. This is where J. K. Rowling wrote the first two books about this witch’s apprentice. If you’re a fan of spells and magic, visit Warner Bros. - The Making of Harry Potter on the outskirts of London.
Capital city London
The capital London has many faces. On one side a Victorian brick houses and monumental monuments, on the other hand futuristic skyscrapers. Introduce ten million people of all nationalities and different ethnic groups, and Discover the diversity of this vibrant metropolis!
The center of social events is the borough of Westminster shops and entertainment centers. Most of the tourist attractions can be found mainly in central London.
These include the historic City; West End and its cinemas, bars, clubs, shops and restaurants; Westminster with Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace, Clarence House, etc. Further Science Museum, Natural History Museum, British Museum, National Gallery, Tate Britain and Tate Modern, London Bridge, Tower Bridge or Greenwich Observatory.
In addition, you have free admission to most museums. When commuting between monuments don’t forget to relax in one of London’s parks, for example at a picnic!
Tower Bridge or Buckingham Palace are among the “must see” monuments (or those you must not miss), but escape for a while from the tourist crowds and discover even less crowded places. For example, you heard about a shopping centre, Leadenhall Market, where the scenes from Harry Potter were filmed? You can even walk around little Venice without having to get on a plane to Italy. Walking around the river canal full of houseboats is worth it!
The Union Jack flag expresses the connection between England, Scotland and Wales.
The main motif is a red cross in the middle of a white background, which symbolizes England. In 1606, the English flag was connected to the Scottish, ie white diagonal cross on a blue field. It did not acquire its current form until 1801 AD the union of the Kingdom of Ireland and the United Kingdom. The last modification is insertion red diagonal cross into a white box.
Population of England
England has a population of 55 million, accounting for 84% of the population Of the United Kingdom. The composition of ethnicities and religions is very diverse. The English make up 83.6% of the population, the Scots 8.6%, the Welsh 4.9% and the Irish 2.9%.
The religion is predominantly Christian, the rest are Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, Jews, Buddhists and non-believers.
Above all, London is open to different cultures, which co-create the whole character Earth.
Holidays in England
England closes banks, post offices, offices and some shops on most holidays. For this reason, holidays in the United Kingdom are also called ‘bank holidays’.
Tickets and accommodation are more expensive these days and the country is crowded with tourists. So if you are exploring England during this period, get ready for longer queues. If the holiday goes out on a weekend, it automatically moves to the nearest one working day, ie Monday.
See a list of the most important holidays:
January 1 - New Year’s Day
January 2 - Scotland only
March 17 - St. Patrick’s Day - a holiday originally from Northern Ireland
Green color is everywhere! Have you ever had green beer?
March / Good Friday
March / Easter - Easter Monday
First Monday in May - Early May Bank Holiday
_Work demonstrations often include employee rights on Labor Day.
Last Monday in May - Spring Bank Holiday (not celebrated in Scotland)
July 12 - Orange Day (Ireland)
Marches are held and the battle between William III is celebrated. Orange and Catholic by King James II.
The first Monday in August - August Bank Holiday - Scotland only
The last Monday in August - August Bank Holiday - everywhere except Scotland
November 30 - Saint Andrew - Scotland only
Cottages dress traditional kilts. They celebrate by dancing, playing the Scottish bagpipes and enjoy traditional food drunk with a glass of good whiskey.
October 31 - Halloween
Is it necessary to introduce Halloween at all? We know him well in the Czech Republic, but in English-speaking countries pay even more attention to this popular holiday. It’s not missing traditional decoration - pumpkins, witches, ghosts and monsters. Kids getting dressed scary costumes and goes caroling.
December 25 - Christmas Day
_The presents will be unwrapped on the morning of December 25, in the evening the family will sit down for a traditional dinner.
December 26 - Boxing Day
Don’t be fooled by Boxing Day, the presents are already unwrapped. The name originated from a tradition where poor Londoners went from boxes to the houses and received leftover Christmas dinner or crumbs.
Time in England
The time difference between the Czech Republic and England is the same throughout the year, ie minus 1 hour.
If in the Czech Republic the clock reports 11:00, it is 10:00 in England at the same time.
According to the zero meridian that intersects the Royal Greenwich Observatory, all time zones in the world are determined.
Currency of England
The legal currency of the United Kingdom is the British pound (otherwise also the British Pound sterling). You will pay with it in other British territories, such as Gibraltar, Falkland Islands, St. Helena Island and more.
In 1990, the United Kingdom joined the European Monetary System, which the aim is to maintain stable exchange rates for all Member States. Follow the current exchange rate on the website of the Czech National Bank: https://www.cnb.cz/cs/platebni-styk/sluzby-pro-klienty/kurzovni-listek-cnb/
You will find ATMs and exchange offices on every corner, but you can pay almost everywhere with by credit card. It can be paid with in pubs, restaurants, shops, at entry to attractions or public transport.
Prices in England
English prices may surprise you at the beginning, as they are significantly higher than in Czech republic. You will feel the different of accommodation and public transport the most. But don’t despair, alternatives exist everywhere. There are many key attractions and monuments close to each other, take advantage of it and take a walk!
If you are planning to buy branded clothing or electronics, you have a chance save. Due to tough competition in the market, companies often deploy highs sales. Therefore, you can get this type of goods for a lower price than with us.
Let’s say you’re flying to England for a few days off. As soon as you get it ticket, you will probably start looking for accommodation. If your destination is London, you will logically pay more, as is the case with every capital city. On prepare an average hotel 1,500-2,500 CZK / night, for a more luxurious night you give i CZK 10,000 / night.
Let’s look at specific examples of prices in England:
- Airport train ticket (London) approx. £ 20, return ticket approx. £ 40
- Airport bus ticket (London) approx. £ 10
- One-way ticket (local transport) 2.40-5.00 £
- Monthly season ticket (regular price) 130.00–219.57 £
- Taxi start (normal tariff) 3.00–6.00 £
- Taxi 1 km (normal fare) 1.55-4.00 £
- Petrol (1 liter) £ 1.30
- Madame Tussauds £ 35 (ticket bought online is cheaper)
- St. Paul’s Cathedral £ 20
- Westminster Abbey £ 22
- London Eye 27.50 £ (online)
- Stonehenge 19–22 £
- Sightseeing buses in London 33.00–40.00 £
- Main course in a cheap restaurant from 10.00 to 30.00 £
- Meals for 2 people, middle class restaurant, three-course menu £ 40.00-80.00
- McMeal v McDonalds 5.00–8.50 £
- Homemade beer (0.5 liter) 3.50-6.00 £
- Imported beer (0.33 liters) 4.00-6.00 £
- Cappuccino (normal) 2.30–3.50 £
- Coca-Cola / Pepsi (0.33 liter bottle) 1.00-22.50 £
- Water (0.33 liter bottle) 0.99-2.00 £
- Milk (1 liter) 0.60-11.30 £
- Plain bread (500 g) £ 0.62-2.00
- Classic rice (1 kg) 0.45-22.50 £
- 12 eggs 1.30–3.00 £
- Local cheese (1 kg) 4.00-12.00 £
- Chicken fillet (1 kg) 4.00-10.00 £
- Beef (1 kg) (or equivalent hind leg red meat) 5.00-15.00 £
- Apples (1 kg) 1.00–3.65 £
- Bananas (1 kg) £ 0.79-2.00
- Oranges (1 kg) 1.00–2.76 £
- Tomatoes (1 kg) £ 1.54-5.00
- Potatoes (1 kg) £ 0.60-2.00
- Onions (1 kg) £ 0.75-2.00
- Salad (1 head) 0.45-1.00 £
- Water (1.5 l) 0.30–1.80 £
- Bottle of wine (medium category) 6.00-10.00 £
- Homemade beer (0.5 liter bottle) 1.00–2.80 £
- Imported beer (0.33 liters) 1.00-3.00 £
- Cigarettes 20 packs (Marlboro) 10.00–14.00 £
Outlets in England
You already have the mobile phone charger packed, so what else to solve? Beware of sockets! The British use G-type sockets, which often contain a switch and are three-pin. If you use electrical appliances, do not use an adapter you can’t do it. Fortunately, you can get it almost everywhere (even right at the airport), so you will be able to charge your little one’s battery.
You can also use this type of socket in the Arabian Peninsula, Sri Lanka, India, Malaysia and some African countries (usually former British colonies).
Visa to England
Every citizen of the Czech Republic must prove himself during ordinary trips to the United Kingdom passport or identity card. So special permission you don’t need it.
By 31 January 2020, the United Kingdom had left the European Union. By the end of 2020 so there is a transitional period when you can travel to the UK for the same conditions as before.
You can find current information on the official website Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic. Information on travel with regard to the current situation with COVID-19 can be found also on the web Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Where to call in case of an emergency in the UK? Rescue service, fire brigade, police: 999 or 112
The phone code for Great Britain is +44
Contacts at the Embassy of the Czech Republic in London:
Embassy of the Czech Republic 26-30 Kensington Palace Gardens London W8 4QY
Telephone: +44 (0) 20 7243 7908 (Mon-Thu 8: 30–17: 15, Fri 8: 30–16: 00)
Further contacts can be found on the website Ministry of Foreign Affairs.